Return to Today's Publications


Date Range (YYYY-MM-DD) -
Company, Industry or Technology:
  Search Tips

Engie, Heliatek Launch "World's Largest" OPV System (Int'l)
Engie, Heliatek
Date: 2017-11-17
French power giant Engie is reporting the inauguration of a 53 sq-meter organic photovoltaic (OPV) system on a roof at a school in La Rochelle, France, using Heliatek's technology. The installation will generate 23.8MWh of electricity each year, enough to power 15-20 pct of the school's power requirements. This experimental project seeks to open the door to longer term and large-scale development of OPV technology, which is suitable for lightweight, flat and curved roofs, where traditional solar panels are hard to install.

Engie , which holds a stake in Heliatek, has deployed Heliatek's organic OPV thin-film technology as part of a new façade at its research center in Linkebeek, Belgium. (Source: Engie, PR, PV Tech, 16 Nov., 2017) Contact: Engie, Isabelle Kocher, CEO,; Heliatek, Thibaud Le Seguillon, CEO, +49 351 2130 3430,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar,  Rooftop Solar,  Engie,  Heliatek,  

ERG Acquiring Italian Solar Assets Portfolio (Int'l, M&A)
ERG Power Generation ,ForVei
Date: 2017-11-17
In Rome, ERG Power Generation SpA reports it will acquire all the shares in ForVei, a joint venture vehicle established in 2011 by VEI Green and Foresight to acquire renewable energy assets. ForVei owns and operates a total of 30 photovoltaic plants totaling 89MW in Italy.

The plants are currently funded through non-recourse project financing of €180 million and €60 million in lease agreements. The transaction is valued at €336 million and is is expected to close prior to 31 Jan, 2018, subject to financing and regulatory approvals.(Source: ERG, RE News, Various Media, Nov., 2017) Contact: ERG Power Generation, Luca Bettonte, CEO, +39 06 845 571,; ForVei,

More Low-Carbon Energy News ERG Power Generation ,  Solar,  

French Pres. Macron Calls for Border Carbon Tax (Int'l)
Carbon Tax
Date: 2017-11-17
In Bonn, French president Emmanuel Macron is calling for Europe to establish a "border carbon tax" and integrate its climate goals into trade negotiations as a way of encouraging all countries to do more in the climate change fight.

"We should not negotiate (trade deals) with countries who are less ambitious than us because that would reduce our collective ambitions. We need a border tax in which we'll make it possible for us to protect economic sectors as there are imports from countries who do not respect these goals and are not supporting the environmental transition." The second largest bloc within the European Parliament, the Socialists and Democrats, is also calling for an EU border carbon tax. (Source: SBS, Various Media, 15 Nov., 2017)

More Low-Carbon Energy News EU Carbon Tax,  COP23,  

Virginia Solar Energy Authority Still Near Dormant (Ind. Report)
Solar Energy and Energy Storage Authority
Date: 2017-11-17
SE Energy News is reporting that the Virginia Solar Energy and Energy Storage Authority, a state agency established in 2015, has been slow off the mark due to a lack of state funding to set up operations, engage partners or hire staff. The agency submitted a $1.1 million budget request to the governor and the legislature but it has yet to be approved.

The authority, which is housed in the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME) in Richmond, has, since its founding issued a single report summarizing its organizational efforts to date. (Source: SE Energy News, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: Virginia Solar Energy and Energy Storage Authority,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar,  Energy Storage,  

ReNew Power Acquiring KCT Group's Indian Wind Assets (Int'l, M&A)
ReNew Power Ventures ,KC Thapar Group
Date: 2017-11-17
In India, ReNew Power Ventures Pvt. Ltd reports it will acquired acquire three fully operational wind power assets with 103 MW of total capacity from of the KC Thapar Group for a total cost of $153 million. The power plants are located in Kurnool and Anantapur districts of Andhra Pradesh.

The KCT Group is active in the coal, engineering equipment, container and allied products, real estate, manufacturing and aquaculture sectors. Goldman Sachs, Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, Asian Development Bank and Global Environment Fund are among ReNew Power's major investors. The company is reportedly valued at approximately $2 billion. (Source: ReNew Power, 15 Nov., 2017)Contact: ReNew Power, +91 124 489 6670/80,, KC Thapar Group,

More Low-Carbon Energy News ReNew Power Ventures,  KC Thapar Group,  Wind,  

Oracle, Japanese Utilities Partner for Energy Efficiency (Int'l)
Oracle Corporation Utilities
Date: 2017-11-17
Oracle Corporation Utilities reports it is partnering with Japan's environment ministry as well as five Japanese utilities in an effort to cut household carbon emissions. The initiative is part Japan's strategy to meet its Paris Agreement commitments as well as to mitigate against climate change. Japan plans to reduce carbon emissions by 26 pct by the year 2030.

Under the partnership Oracle Utilities will offer "personalized" energy efficiency guidance to 300,000 households across five territories in Japan. Currently close to 70 pct of the carbon emissions from Japanese households is attributed to energy use. (Source: Oracle, Bay Street, Nov., 2017) Contact: Oracle Corporation Utilities, Rodger Smith, VP,, Oracle Solutions for Utilities,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Oracle Utilities,  Energy Efficiency,  

Gov. Cuomo Commits $12Mn to Increase Energy Efficiency (Funding)
Date: 2017-11-17
In Albany, Empire State Governor Andrew M. Cuomo has announced $12 million to enhance energy efficiency in industrial and multifamily buildings. The funding expands the 2016 Real Time Energy Management (RTEM) initiative to improve efficiency in commercial buildings, including office buildings, hotels, universities, hospitals and retail stores.

The current expansion brings the total RTEM program to more than $40 million in investments supported by the state's Clean Energy Fund. The additional funding for the expanded RTEM initiative includes: $5.7 million in direct incentives for RTEM projects in the industrial sector; $830,000 for multifamily RTEM projects;$6 million for commercial RTEM projects that include cloud-based controls.

NYSERDA offers a 30 pct project cost share program to support both the installation of RTEM systems as well as ongoing RTEM consulting services. NYSERDA estimates that RTEM projects save more than 5 pct on building energy costs, as well as reduce maintenance costs, improve building occupant comfort and increase operational reliability. (Source: Office of NY Gov. Andrew Cuomo, NYSERDA,, 14 Nov., 2017) Contact: NYSERDA, Alicia Barton, President and CEO, (518) 862-1090,; Office of Gov. Andrew Cuomo,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  NYSERDA,  Andrew Cuomo,  

Va.DEQ Calls for Power Plant Emissions Regulations (Ind. Report)
RGGI,Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
Date: 2017-11-17
In the Old Dominion State, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VDEQ) is reported to have proposed regulations to limit carbon-dioxide emissions from Virginia power plants above 25 megawatts in capacity beginning in 2020. The agency is also calling for the state to participate in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI).

Although carbon dioxide emissions from Virginia's electric power plant's dropped by 21 pct between 2005 and 2014, they still account for almost one-third of the state's overall CO2 emissions, according to state data. (Source: Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, Richmond Times-Dispatch, 14 Nov., 2017) Contact: Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, Mike Dowd, Director, (804) 678-4000,; RGGI, (212) 417-3179,

More Low-Carbon Energy News RGGI,  Carbon Emissions,  

Building Energy's Annapolis Solar Project Underway (Ind. Report)
Building Energy SpA,
Date: 2017-11-15
Italian Renewable energy specialist Building Energy SpA, reports construction is underway on the 18 MW Annapolis Solar Park stretching over an 80-acre landfill in the City of Annapolis, Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The project will incorporate more than 50,000 panels and will be owned and operated by Building Energy. Construction is expected to be completed in the spring of 2018.

The City of Annapolis, Anne Arundel County and Anne Arundel County Board of Education have signedf PPAs for power from the project. Building Energy has been present in many US since 2013 with more than 500 MW of projects under development, spread across different renewable energy technologies. (Source: Building Energy SpA, PR, Nov., 2017) Contact: Building Energy SpA, (202) 524 5570 -- US Office,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar,  Building Energy SpA,  ,  

Sterling & Wilson Announce Australian PV Solar Plant Plans (Int'l)
Sterling and Wilson
Date: 2017-11-15
Mumbai, India-based renewable energy developer Sterling & Wilson reports it will develop 500MW of new photovoltaic (PV) solar power plants in Australia over the next three years at an expected cost of approximately $395 million (US). The plants will eliminate about 750,000 tpy of carbon emissions.

To date, Sterling &Wilson has installed more than 1,930MW of solar plants in India, the Philippines, and South Africa. The company is currently building a 1,177MW plant in Abu Dhabi and various other projects in Zambia, Niger, and Morocco. (Source: Sterling & Wilson, Power Technology 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: Sterling and Wilson, +91-22-25485300,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar,  Sterling and Wilson,  

IWBI Releases WELL Building Guide (Ind. Report)
International WELL Building Institute
Date: 2017-11-15
In the Big Apple, the International WELL Building Institute™ (IWBI), a public benefit corporation, is reporting the release of its Manufacturer's Guide to WELL™ guide. The guide aims to help manufacturers who produce sustainable building products and materials navigate the WELL Building Standard (WELL) focused on setting design and policy protocols and performance thresholds that buildings and communities should strive to achieve to improve the health of the occupants of those spaces.

Since its 2014 launch, more than 125 million square feet in 31 countries are WELL Registered or Certified, across various building types, including both new construction and existing buildings. The work is being led by more than 2,000 independent WELL APs worldwide.

The WELL Building Standard and the WELL Community Standard are administered by the International WELL Building Institute and third-party certified by Green Business Certification Inc. (GBCI). (Source: IWBI, PR, Nov., 2017) Contact: International WELL Building Institute, Rick Fedrizzi, Chairman and CEO, Callie Stanton, (646) 654-3438, (202) 650-0369,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News International WELL Building Institute,  

Acciona Opens 246MW Chilean Solar Plant (Int'l Report)
Date: 2017-11-15
Acciona Energía is reporting the opening of the new 246MWp photovoltaic (PV) plant El Romero Solar in the Atacama Desert in Vallenar, Chile.

The 280ha facility utilizes 776,000 PV modules and generates sufficient electric power for 240,000 Chilean homes. El Romero Solar is presently supplying energy to Google's Chile-based site since January 2017.

The company expects to double its renewable energy capacity in Latin America to more than 2GW by 2020. ACCIONA currently owns 897MW of wind and PV power capacity in Latin America, including Chile, Mexico, and Costa Rica. (Source: Acciona, Power Technology, 8 Nov., 2017) Contact: ACCIONA Green Energy Developments, +34 91 657 64 60,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Acciona,  Solar,  

Calif. Lauded for Short-Term GHG Pollutants Legislation (REG & LEG)
Date: 2017-11-15
AT the UN COP23 meeting in Bonn, the Climate Change Conference in Bonn, Germany, the United Nations Environment Programme's Climate and Clean Air Coalition has recognized the state of California with its Climate and Clean Air Award for having the "most comprehensive and strongest set of targets for reducing short-lived climate pollutant emissions -- black carbon, methane -- into state law."

The U.N. award recognizes California Senate Bill 1383 aimed at cutting California's methane and hydrofluorocarbon gases to 40 pct and black carbon to 50 pct below 2013 levels by 2030. This year, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) began the process of meeting the bill's targetswith the approval of approved new regulations to cut down on methane emissions from oil and gas field operations by more closely monitoring and repairing methane leaks. (Source: CARB, Various Media, WQED, 12 Nov., 2017) Contact: CARB, (800) 242-4450,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News COP23,  GHG,  Methane,  California Air Resources Board,  Black Carbon,  

Livestock Methane Acounts for 23 pct of Global Warming (Ind. Report)
New Zealand Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Research Centre.
Date: 2017-11-15
A new study from the New Zealand Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Research Centre reports that methane emissions from livestock are responsible for approximately 23 pct of all global warming -- more than estimates based only on greenhouse gas emissions.

The study also looked at how reductions in livestock emissions would impact on allowable carbon dioxide emissions consistent with long term temperature goals.

Methane, which is a short lived gas in the atmosphere of 12 years. Carbon dioxide (CO2) has a 1000 year decay period, and nitrous oxide (NO3) about 100 years. (Source: NZ Farmer, 13 Nov., 2017)Contact: New Zealand Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Research Centre, Dr. Harry Clark, Dir., +64 6 356 8019,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Livestock Methane,  Climate Change,  Methane,  

Canada, US Differ on Coal, Fossil Fuel Future (Ind. Report)
Date: 2017-11-15
The Globe and Mail, Canada's national newspaper, reports that Canadian Environment Minister Catherine McKenna and her British counterpart, Claire Perry, will launch an international alliance to phase out coal-fired electricity at the COP23 conference this week in Bonn.

McKenna is touting Canada's efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including a national carbon pricing plan and federal-provincial moves to shut down traditional coal-fired power by 2030.

U.S. Energy Secretary Rick Perry is proposing an American-led alliance that would encourage developing countries to adopt and invest in more efficient coal plants and stress "the role of cleaner and more efficient fossil fuels and nuclear power in climate mitigation." (Source: Globe & Mail, 13 Nov., 2017)Contact: Canadian Environment Minister Catherine McKenna,; Clair Perry-MP,; U.S. Energy Secretary Rick Perry, (202) 586-5000,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Rick Perry,  COP23,  Clean Coal,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  

World CO2 Emissions Still Rising, GCP Warns (Ind. Report)
Global Carbon Project,COP23, Paris Climate Agreement
Date: 2017-11-15
According to a major new study from the Global Carbon Project (GCP), a group of 76 scientists in 15 countries, world CO2 emissions could rise by 2 pct this year to hit a new record in large part because of an increase in China, where emissions have fallen over the last couple of years. China's emissions were set to rise 3.5 pct, driven by a strong demand for coal during a period of economic growth. China, the top greenhouse gas emitter ahead of the United States, accounts for almost 30 pct of world emissions.

U.S. emissions were set to decline by 0.4 pct in 2017, a smaller fall than in recent years, also reflecting more burning of coal. Emissions had been roughly flat between 2014 and 2016.

The Global Carbon Project (GCP) studies the integrated picture of the carbon cycle and other interacting biogeochemical cycles, including biophysical and human dimensions and their interactions and feedbacks. The GCP objective is covered by three themes: Diagnostics -- Patterns and variability of natural and anthropogenic carbon sources and sinks; Vulnerability -- Processes and feedbacks of the biophysical-human system; and Low Carbon -- Carbon management and policy. (Source: Global Carbon Project, The Independent, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: Global Carbon Project,

More Low-Carbon Energy News COP23,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  Global Carbon Project,  

UK Biogas Plant Seeking £3.95Mn in Crowd Funding (Funding)
Warren Energy
Date: 2017-11-15
In the UK, Crowdfunding platform Downing Crowd reports it has listed a £3.95 million offer for Norfolk-based Warren Energy's Anaerobic Digestion biogas plant plant. The plant began operations in March 2016 and is operated by Future Biogas Limited which has eight plants in the UK, five of which have been listed by Downing LLP.

The funds being raised by Crowd Bond investors will support the ongoing operation of the £12.9 million plant. By 31 May 2017 the plant produced 3,576 MWh of electricity and over 46,000 sq-meters of biomethane, generating £935,000 of operating income.

Downing Crowd is part of Downing LLP, an FCA authorized and regulated investment manager with over 20 years of experience, 35,000 investors and in excess of £950 million of funds under management. (Source: Downing Crowd, PR, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: Downing Crowd, +44 (0) 20 7416 7780,; Warren Energy,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane,  Biomethane,  Biogas,  Anaerobic Digestion,  

Natural Gas Has No Climate Benefit, says UK Report -- Report Attached (Ind. Report)
International Energy Agency,EDF
Date: 2017-11-15
A new International Energy Agency (IEA) study concludes that just the methane emissions escaping from New Mexico's gas and oil industry are "equivalent to the climate impact of approximately 12 coal-fired power plants." And, the report concludes, if the goal is to avoid catastrophic levels of global warming, the evidence is overwhelming that natural gas has no net climate benefit in any timescale and "categorically has no role to play as a "bridge" fuel to a carbon-free economy.

Download the Oil and Gas Methane Emissions in New Mexico report HERE. (Source: EDF, Think Progress, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: EDF,; IEA, Fatih Birol, Exec. Dir., +33 1 40 57 65 00,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Natural Gas,  Methane,  Climate Change,  Global Warming,  Environmental Defense Fund,  IEA ,  

NUI Galway Leading Irish Ag Waste-to-Biofuel Project (R&D)
NUI Galway
Date: 2017-11-15
In Ireland, NUI Galway university reports it will lead a national effort to turn waste into biofuels, making Ireland more energy self-efficient. Research leader Prof. Piet Lens and his team are looking to use microbial life to to advance the £5 million project which is being funded by Science Foundation Ireland's (SFI) Research Professorship Programme. Lens will be looking to develop novel bioreactor concepts that will recover energy from agricultural and livestock waste and wastewater.

Technology is presently being developed that can take waste products such as methane and use them to produce fuel and other valuable products, while reducing pathogen levels and greenhouse gas emissions.

As part of his research, Lens will focus on finding new marine bacteria for potential energy generation, developing mathematical models for bioenergy production, creating new bioreactor configurations and then turning these ideas into a working product. Lens will collaborate nationally with research teams in NUI Galway, the MaREI and Beacon research centres, and the Energy and Dairy Processing Technology Centres. (Source: NUI Galway, Silicon Republic, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: NUI Galway, Prof. Piet Lens, +353 91 524 411,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Bioreactor,  Biofuel,  Biogas,  

OX2 Sells 21.6 MW Swedish wind Farm to Fontavis (Int'l, M&A)
Date: 2017-11-15
Swiss asset management firm Fontavis reports it has inked a purchase agreement with Stockholm-headquartered OX2 for six Vestas 3.6 MW, V117 wind turbines to be installed at the Stigshojden Wind Farm in Sweden in the autumn of 2019. The six turbines are expected to generate approximately 62 GWh per year -- equivalent to the annual electricity consumption for 12,400 households. Under the terms of the sale, OX2 will also manage the completpresently constructing five wind farms, totaling approximately 360 MW in the Nordic Countries, the majority of which are in Sweden. OX2 also operates two biogas plants in southern Sweden.

Fontavis currently manages more than €500 million in 15 portfolio companies and has a 12.25 pct stake in the offshore Trianel Windpark Borkum II. (Source: Fontavis, PR, 14Nov., 2017) Contact: Fontavis, +41 41 545 41 00,,; OX2, Paul Stormoen, Managing Director, +46 70-671 18 18,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News OX2,  Wind,  

Notable Quote
Climate Change
Date: 2017-11-15
"I actually don't know what that means, the 2C target". -- George David Banks, Special Climate Change advisor to U.S. Pres. Donald Trump

Banks has been involved with climate policy, of which the 2C target is a fundamental tenet, since the Bush administration. Contact: George David Banks,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change,  Carbon Emissions,  COP21,  

Neste, American Airlines Tout Renewable Fuels Collaboration (Int'l)
Neste,American Airlines
Date: 2017-11-15
Renewable diesel specialist Neste Oil reports it has entered into an agreement with American Airlines to explore opportunities to further reduce the airline's environmental footprint through the use of Neste's renewable fuels. The joint effort aims to facilitate acceptance and commercialization of High Freeze Point HEFA (HFP-HEFA) renewable jet fuel which is currently under consideration for approval by ASTM International.

The aviation industry has set ambitious targets to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from air transportation, including carbon-neutral growth from 2020 and beyond, and a 50 pct reduction of net aviation CO2 emissions by 2050. Currently, sustainable renewable jet fuel offers the only viable alternative to fossil liquid fuels for powering commercial aircraft, according to Neste. (Source: Neste Oil Oyi, PR, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: Neste Corporation, Kaisa Hietala, VP Renewable Products , +358 10 458 4128, Paul Paoletta, Neste Aviation Solutions, + 41 79 429 11 39,,; American Airlines Corporate Communications, 817-967-1577,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Neste,  Aviation Biofuel,  

MidAmerican Commits $1Bn to Wind Turbine Updates (Ind. Report)
MidAmerican Energy
Date: 2017-11-15
MidAmerican Energy reports it will spend $1 billion to repower 706 wind turbines across seven wind facilities in Iowa . The updates, which will include longer blades, hubs and more efficient nacelles, will allow each turbine to generate between 19 and 28 pct more energy. MidAmerican also plans to construct 1,000 new wind turbines across the Hawkeye state, adding to its current total of 2,020.

Both the new construction and the repowering are set for completion by 2020. (Source: MidAmerican Energy, DesMoines Reg., Others Nov., 2017)Contact: MidAmerican Energy , Bill Fehrman, Pres., CEO, Mike Gehringer, VP Renewable Energy, (888) 427-5632,

More Low-Carbon Energy News MidAmerican Energy,  Wind Turbine,  

Con Edison Snares BayWa 25 MW Montana Wind Farm (M&A)
Con Edison Development
Date: 2017-11-15
Con Edison Development is reporting the acquisition the acquisition of the substantially completed 25 MW Big Timber Wind project from BayWa r.e. Wind, LLC, a renewable energy developer, wholesaler and energy solutions provider. Big Timber Wind is expected to come online within weeks. (Source: ConEdison, Elec. Light & Power, 11 Nov., 2017) Contact: BayWa r.e. GmbH, Matthias Taft, CEO, +49 (89) 383932 131,; ConEdison, Jorge J. Lopez, Pres., CEO, (914) 286-7094,

More Low-Carbon Energy News BayWa,  Con Edison Development,  

New Facade Improves Building Energy Efficiency (New Prod & Tech)

Date: 2017-11-15
A ventilated façade with a double chamber and flow Researchers at the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM) School of Building Engineering are touting a new double chamber pre-fabricated building facade material that affords increased energy efficiency and savings in cold or warm climates. The new facade can be used in new construction, building renovations and energy ewfficiency upgrades.

The newly designed facade adds a second air chamber between the current one and the façade insulation. Both chambers are connected by the bottom of the facade. Another feature is an innovative element at the top to control the air flow in the chambers, based on the gradient of the temperature outside and inside the building. (Source: Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, AZO Cleantech, 14 Nov., 2017) Contact: Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, +91 336 30 60,

IDB Announces Jamaican Energy Efficiency Funding (Int'l Funding)
Inter-American Development Bank
Date: 2017-11-15
In Kingston, Jamaica, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the government of Jamaica are reporting a $40 million loan agreement for energy efficiency upgrades in the island nation. finance an energy management and efficiency program (EMEP).

The financing includes $30 million for comprehensive energy efficiency retrofits in 30 government-owned buildings and the installation of LED lighting in another 50 facilities. The improvements are expected to save approximately $7 million per in energy costs. The financing will also support energy planning and management and contribute to the government's energy efficiency improvement and energy diversification program as well as a universal transport management system.

The $40 million loan is being co-financed by the IDB, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and the European Union Caribbean Investment Facility (EU-CIF). (Source: IDB , Caribbean News Now, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: IDB, Therese Turner-Jones, GM Caribbean Country Department,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Inter-American Development Bank,  

ESCOs to Exceed $30Bn by 2026 -- Report Available (Ind. Report)
Navigant Research
Date: 2017-11-15
ESCO Market Overview Report, new report from Navigant Research examines the market for energy service companies (ESCOs) across North America, Western Europe, and Asia Pacific, providing forecasts, segmented by region, country, and customer and equipment type, through 2026.

ESCOs, which execute a variety of building energy efficiency services, have been instrumental in providing access to energy efficiency technologies and services in market segments that would not normally be able to consider or afford these types of capital-intensive projects.

According to the report, the energy savings performance contract financing structure, which requires little to no upfront capital and moves the financial risk of the project from the end-use customer to the ESCO, is driving the market forward in mature and maturing regions, particularly for public sector customers, municipalities, schools, hospitals and others.

The study provides an analysis of market dynamics for the main ESCO customer segments, including market barriers and drivers, regional opportunities and challenges, and the competitive landscape. Global market forecasts, segmented by region, country, and customer and equipment type, extend through 2026. The report also examines the ESCO value chain and financing models.

Download a report overview HERE. (Source: Navigant Research, PR, 14 Nov., 2017) Contact: Navigant Research Lindsay Funicello-Paul, +1-781-270-8456, ],,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Navigant Research,  Energy Management,  Energy Efficiency,  

Eversource Powers Up New Hampshire Energy Efficiency (Ind. Report)
Date: 2017-11-15
New Hampshire's largest electric power utility Eversource NH is touting its programs aimed at helping businesses of all sizes better manage energy consumption, increase energy efficiency and save on energy costs.

The company's Small Business Energy Solutions program includes free energy audits with qualified contractors, cost-sharing projects and energy-cost-savings opportunities for lighting, refrigeration and other business uses.

Among the projects in which Eversource is engaged, the company is working on key upgrades and modernizations in Keene, including a significant reliability project in the downtown area with a complete upgrade to the electrical infrastructure system and grid modernization. The project, which is expected to be completed this year, is part of the nearly $370 million Eversource has invested recently in New Hampshire. (Source: Eversource NW, Sentinel Source, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: Eversource NH, Allison McLean, Community Relations Manager, (800) 662-7764,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Eversource,  Energy Efficiency,  Energfy Efficiency Incentives,  

EEtility Touting Rural Energy Efficiency Program (Ind. Report)
Date: 2017-11-15
Little Rock, Arkansas-based EEtility is touting an energy efficiency or renewable energy improvements program available to low-to-moderate income renters and homeowners in rural Arkansas.

Under the program, residents pay nothing out-of-pocket for the improvements, but instead pay off the loan over time through their monthly utility bill. To qualify, the resident's saving needs to be at least 20 pct greater than the cost of the improvements.

Renters or homeowners have a contractor complete an energy audit to identify the needed energy improvements, which are made by the contractor and then paid for by the local utility cooperative. A utility representative then inspects the house to make sure the work was done correctly. (Source: EEtility, Billings Gazette, Nov., 2017) Contact: EEtility, Tammy Agard, Pres., (501) 351-5212,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  

Xcel Switching Winona to High-Efficiency LEDs (Ind. Report)
Xcel Energy
Date: 2017-11-15
In Minnesota, Xcel Energy reports it has begun the replacement and upgrading of 2,500 old streetlights to high-efficiency LED units in the City of Winona, at no cost to the city. Xcel is paying all costs associated with the retrofitting, including the removal and salvage of old lights.

The new LED fixtures use approximately 40 to 60 pct less electricity than the current systems and have a longer service life and require less maintenance than old model street lights. Winona used approximately about 5 million kilowatt hours annually between its buildings and other requirements. (Source: Xcel Energy, City of Winona, Winona Daily News, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: Xcel Energy,; City of Winona,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Xcel Energy,  LED,  Energy Efficient Light,  Streetlight,  

WELTEC BIOPOWER Expands Uruguayan Biogas Plant (Int'l Report)
Date: 2017-11-15
The German plant manufacturer WELTEC BIOPOWER recently signed the contract for a biogas plant extension of the milk powder producer Estancias del Lago (EDL) in Uruguay. From late 2018, the plant with its eight digesters will generate a rated thermal input of more than 6 Megawatt from cattle manure and fodder leftovers. The company will use the biogas for drying and steam generation purposes in the production process. WELTEC set up the first 800-kW biogas plant for EDL in 2013.

In view of the dimensions of the AD plant, the structural preparations already started in September 2017. In early 2018, WELTEC BIOPOWER will begin installing the six new stainless-steel digesters and the two pre-storage tanks for the slurry. With WELTEC's custom-developed process control system CeMOS, the entire biogas plant will be fully automated from the end of 2018. Two gas boilers use part of the biogas that is produced every day to generate heat for the biogas process. Most of the biogas is piped to a neighbouring milk powder production facility where it covers up to 35 pct of the heat required for the drying process. (Source: WELTEC BIOPOWER GmbH, PR, 14 Nov., 2017) Contact: WELTEC BIOPOWER GmbH, Ann Borries, +49 (0) 4441-999 78-220,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News WELTEC BIOPOWER,  Biogas,  

BDI Contracts for Crimson Renewable Energy Biodiesel Plant (Ind. Report)
Crimson Renewable Energy
Date: 2017-11-15
Grambach, Austria-headquartered plant engineering specialist BDI-BioEnergy International AG reports is reporting receipt of a new contract from Bakersfield, California-based Crimson Renewable Energy LP for a new biodiesel plant to be constructed in Bakersfield.

The new facility will recycle waste oils and fats into high-quality biodiesel using BDI's patented RepCAT technology. In contrast to the standard biodiesel process, RepCAT features a low-cost recyclable catalyst and avoids complex by-product treatment.

Crimson Renewable Energy claims to be the largest biodiesel producer in California. (Source: BDI, Biofuels Int'l, 14 Nov., 2017) Contact: BDI-BioEnergy International, +43 316 400 9100,; Crimson Renewable Energy LP, Harry Simpson, CEO, (720) 475-5400,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Crimson Renewable Energy,  Biodiesel,  BDI,  

Edeniq Joins Calls for Strong 2018 Cellulosic Targets (Ind. Report)
Date: 2017-11-13
Vasalia, California-headquartered cellulosic and biorefining specialist Edeniq, Inc. reports it has joined with other cellulosic technology companies in meetings with congressional leaders in Washington to stress the importance of the 2018 cellulosic annual renewable volume obligation (RVO) being set at 384 million gallons, as originally proposed by the EPA and sent to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in May. The 2018 cellulosic RVO will be included in EPA's final 2018 federal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS rule which is slatedfor release later this month.

According to Sarah Caswell, Edeniq VP of Government and Regulatory Affairs, "it is critical that the EPA issue its final 2018 RFS rule with a cellulosic RVO at the level originally proposed to OMB in May, so that the RFS law will continue to work as Congress intended. By setting the 2018 cellulosic RVO at the level which reflects actual expected production for next year, EPA will be sending the all-important signal to the market that will give cellulosic producers and investors the confidence they count on to maximize growth and production. This progress will help meet the RFS cellulosic statutory volume requirements set by Congress a decade ago."

Edeniq's processes for producing and measuring low-cost cellulosic ethanol requires zero capital investment and can be easily integrated into existing biorefineries. Edeniq currently sells or licenses its technologies to ethanol plants in the United States. (Source: Edeniq, PR, Bus. Wire, 10 Nov., 2017) Contact: Edeniq, Inc. Sarah Caswell, VP, Gov. Affairs, 402-935-3081,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Edeniq,  Cellulosic,  RFS,  

Xcel Energy, IBM Partner on Boulder Solar Array (Ind. Report)
Xcel Energy, IBM
Date: 2017-11-13
Xcel Energy last week announced plans for a 6-MW, 54-acre solar array at the IBM campus in Gunbarrel, which, when complete, will be the largest solar project in the city. The massive solar array is expected to be completed and online in late 2018.

Xcel also recently announced it plans to increase its statewide renewable portfolio from the present 30 pct to 55 pct by 2026.

The city of Boulder is aiming to acquire Xcel's local assets and start a new city-run utility more focused on renewables and fighting climate change. Xcel is opposed to the city's plan. (Source: Xcel Energy, Boulder Daily Camera, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: City of Boulder, Boulder Regional Sustainability Coordinator Jonathan Koehn,; Xcel Energy,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Xcel Energy,  IBM,  Solar,  

Bloomberg Launches AMERICAS PLEDGE in Bonn (Int'l Report)
Date: 2017-11-13
"This coalition represents more than half of the US economy. If this group were a country, we would have the world's third largest economy. In other words, a group of citizens, states and businesses who remain committed to the Paris agreement represent a bigger economy than any country in the world, outside the US and China.

"We (the coalition) should have a seat at the (COP23) table and the ability to work with our peers in other nations. That is the aim of our pavilion." -- Former NYC Mayor, billionaire philanthropist Michael Bloomberg launching AMERICAS PLEDGE a coalition of cities, states and businesses representing more than half of the US economy in Boon, 11 Nov., 2017.

Bloomberg, the UN climate body's special envoy for cities, said non-state actors had already taken the US "half way" to meeting the national carbon-cutting pledge made under former president Barack Obama: a 26-28 pct cut in emissions from 2005 levels by 2025.


More Low-Carbon Energy News COP23,  Climate Change,  Michael Bloomberg,  Climate Change,  

IEA Energy Services, M-III Partners Report Merger (M&A)
IEA Energy Services
Date: 2017-11-13
NYC-headquartered corporate consultancy M-III Partners LP reports it is merging with with IEA Energy Services, an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) firm in the renewable energy sector, in a deal worth approximately 255 million.

IEA Energy Services owns the operating assets of Infrastructure and Energy Alternatives, a company created to acquire and manage firms delivering infrastructure solutions for the renewable energy and infrastructure industries. M-III will be renamed as Infrastructure and Energy Alternatives, Inc (IEA), which will own all of the existing renewable energy EPC businesses of Infrastructure and Energy Alternatives. The IEA businesses have reportedly installed around 7,200 wind turbines in about 200 projects totaling over 14GW of electricity. (Source: IEA Energy Services, CTBR, 6 Nov., 2017) Contact: IEA Energy Services, JP Roehm, CEO,; M-III Partners, Mohsin Meghji, CEO, (212) 716-1491,

More Low-Carbon Energy News IEA Energy Services,  

NJ Governor-Elect Murphy Pledges RGGI Re-Entry (Ind. Report)
Date: 2017-11-13
In the Garden State, Governor-elect Phil Murphy has vowed to "immediately" bring his state back into the nine-state Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) which swaps pollution credits and invests that money back into clean energy programs.

Outgoing New Jersey Governor and Trunp supporter Chris Christie -- using typical Trump terminology -- called the program "gimmicky" and a "failure" when he withdrew his state from it beginning in 2012.

Participating RGGI states -- Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont -- agree to limit pollution from power plants and to allow energy producers to bid against each other in auctions for the right to emit carbon. To date, the RGGI auctions have raised $2.7 billion that is being used to fund clean-energy and energy efficiency programs. (Source: WNPR, RGGI, Various Media, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: RGGI, (212) 417-3179,

More Low-Carbon Energy News RGGI,  

US Senate, House Proposals Differ on Wind Tax Credit (Reg & Leg)
Date: 2017-11-13
The American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) is reporting that US Senate Republicans' just released tax overhaul plan leaves the wind energy production tax credit (PTC) unscathed and honours the terms of the five-year PTC phase-out passed by Congress in 2015.

The House version of the legislation proposes to cut the value of the credit and change the start of construction terms for qualification. According to AWEA, the House bill changes are "sending shock waves through the market" and if passed into law could slash the number of new US wind energy project in half. (Source: AWEA, BNEF, Renewables Now, Others 10 Nov., 2017) Contact: AWEA , Tom Kiernan, CEO,

More Low-Carbon Energy News AWEA,  Wind,  Wind Production Tax Credit,  

COP23 Updated on IMO's GHG, Climate Change Work (Int'l)
Date: 2017-11-13
From the COP23 climate conference meeting in Bonn, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) reports the IMO's draft strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships has certified more than 2,600 ocean-going ships to the mandatory energy efficiency design requirements, which have been in force since 2013.

The IMO also reports the significant global reduction in the sulphur content of the fuel oil used by ships from 1 January 2020 is expected to further contribute to maritime GHG emissions through the anticipated resulting uptake of alternative fuels. IMO also noted its capacity-building and technical cooperation with the UNDP-GEF-IMO global energy efficiency project (GloMEEP) and the European-Union funded maritime technology cooperation centre's network (GMN) project. (Source: IMO, Marine Link, 7 Nov., 2017)Contact: IMO, Stefan Micallef, Director of Marine Environment Division, +44 (0) 20 7735 7611,

More Low-Carbon Energy News IMO,  Maritime Emissions,  GHGs,  Greenhouse Gas,  

Madison G&E's 66-MW Iowa Wind Farm Gets the Nod (Reg & Leg)
Madison Gas and Electric ,RPM Access
Date: 2017-11-13
Further to our February 24th coverage, Wisconsin-headquartered investor-owned utility Madison Gas and Electric (MGE) reports it has received Public Service Commission of Wisconsin (PSCW) approval for the construction of a $107 million, 66-MW 33 turbine wind park near Saratoga, Iowa.

Construction is expected to get under way in spring of 2018 for completion before the year end. MGE acquired the rights to the shovel-ready site in 2016 from RPM Access LLC, the original developer. (Source: Madison Gas and Elec., Renewables Now, Nov., 2017) Contact: Madison Gas and Electric , Gary Wolter, CEO, (608) 252-7222,; RPM Access LLC,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Madison Gas and Electric ,  Wind,  

Mexico Adopts Mandatory Energy Efficiency Standards (Int'l Report)
Energy Efficiency
Date: 2017-11-13
In Mexico City, the Mexican government has established mandatory minimum energy efficiency standards, effective April, 2018, for external power supplies in on-mode, maximum power limits for external power supplies in no-load or vacuum mode, as well as test methods and conformity assessment and marking requirements. It covers external power supplies that convert alternating current voltage to a single level of fixed continuous current voltage with a maximum output power of 250 watts or less. External power supplies incorporating a battery, battery pack or battery type/chemistry switch, as well as supplies that form part of equipment and apparatus that are not sold to the public and are intended for special uses, are excluded from the new regulations. Details have not been announced. (Source: Mexico Sec. of Energy, Various Media, Nov., 2017) Contact: Mexico Sec. of Energy,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  

Ameren Ill. Recognizes Bloomington's Energy Efficiency (Ind. Report)
Ameren Illinois,City of Bloomington
Date: 2017-11-13
Ameren Illinois is lauding the city of Bloomington (78,000 pop.) as a 2017 Progressive City for its energy efficiency and sustainability efforts. The recognition comes on the heels of the city logging nearly $250,000 in energy cost savings in the last year.

Ameren Illinois also recognized Bloomington for completing 280 residential and business energy saving projects in the last year. Ameren also granted the city $2,500 to support replacing florescent lighting with LEDs in Bloomington City Hall. (Source: Ameren Illinois, WJBC, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: Ameren Illinois, Carla Campbell-Jackson, Snr. Mgr., City of Bloomington,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Ameren Illinois,  City of Bloomington,  Energy Efficiency,  

$35.2Mn for Calif. Dairy Anaerobic Digester Projects (Funding)
California Department of Food and Agriculture
Date: 2017-11-13
In Sacramento, the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) reports it has awarded $35.2 million in grant funding to 18 dairy digester projects across the state. Dairy digester grant recipients will provide an estimated $71.2 million in matching funds for the development of their projects.. These projects, part of the Dairy Digester Research and Development Program, will reduce methane greenhouse gas emissions from manure on California dairy farms.

CDFA, which also administers the Alternative Manure Management Program promoting non-digester manure management practices to reduce methane emissions, received 53 applications requesting a total of $29.5 million in grants.

Financial assistance for the installation of dairy digesters comes from California Climate Investments, a statewide initiative that uses Cap-and-Trade program funds to support the state's climate goals. CDFA and other state agencies are investing these proceeds in projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and provide additional benefits to California communities.

The Dairy Digester Research and Development Program (DDRDP) and Alternative Manure Management Program (AMMP) are part of California Climate Investments, a statewide program that puts billions of Cap and Trade dollars to work reducing GHG emissions. (Source: California Department of Food and Agriculture, PR, Nov., 2017) Contact 2017 Dairy Digester Research and Development Program; CDFA,; California Climate Investments,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Anaerobic Digester,  Methane,  

BayWa Touting Zambian Solar-plus-Energy Storage Pilot (Int'l)
BayWa r.e.
Date: 2017-11-13
German renewable energy developer BayWa r.e. is reporting commissioning of a combined PV and battery energy storage system in Zambia's Chisamba province, where it will supply irrigation for aquacultural farming. The 260 solar module, 86 kWp project will supply up to 450kWh for 13 hours per day. Excess energy will be stored in 160kWh battery storage system.

BayWa r.e. will assume technical operations management of the plant as well as train farmers to use and monitor the storage systems. (Source: Baywa, Energy Storage, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: BayWa r.e. GmbH, Christof Thannbichler, Managing Director Solar Projects, Matthias Taft, CEO, +49 (89) 383932 131,

More Low-Carbon Energy News BayWa r.e.,  Solar,  Energy Storage,  

Marine Corp Base Cuts $15Mn Off Annual Energy Cost (Ind. Report)
Camp Lejune
Date: 2017-11-13
In Jacksonville, North Carolina, U.S. Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune and Marine Corps Air Station New River have been awarded the US DOE Federal Energy Management Program, SECNAV Energy Award for the 2nd year in a row.

The Navy's Energy and Water Management Awards Program is designed to promote excellence in the areas of efficiency, management, renewable energy, new technology, training innovation and awareness.

To win the award, Camp Lejeune took action to reduce usage by $15.3 million annually by creating a steam decentralization project. The $150 million project allowed the installation to transition from burning coal to burning natural gas, a more environmentally friendly alternative that reduced CO2 emissions by 70,000 tpy and saves 87 million gpy of water. (Source: Camp Lejune Globe, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: US Marine Corp Camp Lejune,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  

WSU Studies Soil Carbon Sink Capacities (R&D)
Washington State University, Marc Kramer
Date: 2017-11-13
According to an international research team headed by Associate Research Scientist Marc G, Kramer at Washington State University, soil minerals approximately one foot beneath the earth surface could hold up to three times as much carbon as is found in the atmosphere. However, proper management of the soil is needed to reduce the levels of CO2 in the air, according to an international team of researchers.

More than half the carbon stored in soil is more than 1 foot beneath the surface, and at that depth the organic matter in the soil is almost entirely associated with minerals. Studying samples from China and Puerto Rico, the team found that mineral interactions rather than microbial activity was influencing carbon and nitrogen storage levels. (Source: Washington State Univ., Science Alert, 11 Nov., 2017) Contact: Washington State University, Marc Kramer,, //

More Low-Carbon Energy News Soil Carbon,  Carbon Sink,  CO2,  Carbon Dioxice,  

TUV Rheinland, GIGA Partner on Sustainable Building Design (Int'l)
TUV Rheinland,GIGA
Date: 2017-11-13
Reporting from Cologne, global testing and certification provider TUV Rheinland says it has joined forces with the international standards organization Global Innovations Green Algorithms (GIGA) to help designers build more sustainable buildings.

Under the new partnership, some contents of TUV Rheinland's global Certipedia certificate database will be fed into GIGA's online material data hub, Origin, which includes certified, environment-friendly building materials and products. This will empower designers to easily find and source green, healthy and sustainable building products. TUV Rheinland's Certipedia database will be integrated into Origin's infrastructure in the fall of 2017.

GIGA's assessment infrastructure, tools and metrics are used by hundreds of companies to track and communicate the health performance of their buildings and indoor spaces. (Source: TUV Rheinland, Nov., 2017) Contact: TUV Rhineland, Holger Kunz, Executive VP Products,; GIGA,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News GIGA,  TUV Rheinland,  Sustainable Building,  

NAIT Developing Long-Haul Trucking Low-Carbon Fuel (Ind. Report)
Northern Alberta Institute of Technology,Oberon Fuels
Date: 2017-11-13
On the Canadian Praries, the Edmonton-based Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) reports it has has partnered with industry stakeholders to bring all-weather low-carbon fuel to the long-haul trucking industry. Working with Mack Trucks, Westcan Bulk Transport, and Oberon Fuels, the effort is supported by the Alberta Ministry of Economic Development and Trade with funding of $368,000. .

NAIT researchers will work to develop fuel moisture management technology for dimethyl ether (DME), which is a cleaner-burning diesel fuel alternative made from natural gas or methanol produced from biomass feedstock. The technology aims to remove any residual water from the DME before injection into the engine, eliminated the risk of corrosion and reduced performance. NAIT plans to test the technology using Mack trucks from Westcan's operating in Alberta. (Source: Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Truck West, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Dr. Glenn Feltham, Pres., CEO, (780) 471-6248,

More Low-Carbon Energy News DME,  Biofuel,  Ethanol,  LOw-Carbon Fuel,  

EU Expecting COP23 Affirmation of Paris Climate Agreement Targets, Progress (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
COP23, Paris Climate Agreement
Date: 2017-11-13
At the opening of the COP23 meeting in Bonn, the European Commission (EC) reported that the European Union cuts it greenhouse gas emissions 23 pct between 1990 and 2016, while the economy grew by 53 pct over the same period. According to the EC's latest report -- Two years after Paris -- Progress towards meeting the EU's climate commitments -- the falling emissions in a growing economy is a strong confirmation that the EU's remains firmly on track to meet its 2020 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target.

Under the Paris agreement, the EU has committed to cut CO2 emissions by at least 40% pct by 2030 while modernizing the EU's economy and delivering on jobs and growth for all European citizens. In 2016, EU emissions decreased by 0.7 pct while GDP grew by 1.9 pct.

The EU is one of the major economies with the lowest per capita emissions, and the emissions per unit of GDP continue to fall. The progress report also looks at the EU's contribution to international climate action. In 2016, the EU and its Member States continued to be a major provider of climate finance to developing countries, increasing their overall contribution to last year reach €20.2 billion. (Source: EU, EC,New Europe Online/KG, 7 Nov., 2017)

More Low-Carbon Energy News COP23,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  

ICS Calls for Zero CO2 Emissions for Ocean Shipping (Int'l)
International Chamber of Shipping,IMO
Date: 2017-11-13
According to the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), which represents more than 80 pct of the world's maritime fleet, the elimination of carbon emissions from oceangoing vessels is achievable by the end of this century. To accomplish this goal the shipping industry must continue to support International Maritime Organization (IMO) with developing an ambitious CO2 reduction strategy, as well as embrace renewable energy-based power technologies.

. While still requiring final IMO verification, ICS said current emissions reduction measures undertaken by the maritime industry has reduced the annual CO2 emissions to about 8 pct below the 2008 peak, despite a 30 pct increase in maritime trade. Various IMO member states have called for ship emissions reductions in the range of 50 to 70 pct by 2050 and 2060 (Source: ICS, American Shipper, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: IMO, Stefan Micallef, Director of Marine Environment Division, +44 (0) 20 7735 7611,; International Chamber of Shipping,

More Low-Carbon Energy News IMO,  International Chamber of Shipping,  Maritime Emissions,  Shipping Emissions,  

Showing 6350 to 6400 of 9463.

Go to page:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190