Return to Today's Publications

 

Newsletter:
Date Range (YYYY-MM-DD) -
Company, Industry or Technology:
  Search Tips


Xcel Energy, IBM Partner on Boulder Solar Array (Ind. Report)
Xcel Energy, IBM
Date: 2017-11-13
Xcel Energy last week announced plans for a 6-MW, 54-acre solar array at the IBM campus in Gunbarrel, which, when complete, will be the largest solar project in the city. The massive solar array is expected to be completed and online in late 2018.

Xcel also recently announced it plans to increase its statewide renewable portfolio from the present 30 pct to 55 pct by 2026.

The city of Boulder is aiming to acquire Xcel's local assets and start a new city-run utility more focused on renewables and fighting climate change. Xcel is opposed to the city's plan. (Source: Xcel Energy, Boulder Daily Camera, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: City of Boulder, Boulder Regional Sustainability Coordinator Jonathan Koehn, www.greenbiz.com/users/jonathan-koehn; Xcel Energy, www.xcelenergy.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Xcel Energy,  IBM,  Solar,  


Bloomberg Launches AMERICAS PLEDGE in Bonn (Int'l Report)
COP23,Bloomberg
Date: 2017-11-13
"This coalition represents more than half of the US economy. If this group were a country, we would have the world's third largest economy. In other words, a group of citizens, states and businesses who remain committed to the Paris agreement represent a bigger economy than any country in the world, outside the US and China.

"We (the coalition) should have a seat at the (COP23) table and the ability to work with our peers in other nations. That is the aim of our pavilion." -- Former NYC Mayor, billionaire philanthropist Michael Bloomberg launching AMERICAS PLEDGE a coalition of cities, states and businesses representing more than half of the US economy in Boon, 11 Nov., 2017.

Bloomberg, the UN climate body's special envoy for cities, said non-state actors had already taken the US "half way" to meeting the national carbon-cutting pledge made under former president Barack Obama: a 26-28 pct cut in emissions from 2005 levels by 2025.

Download AMERICAS PLEDGE HERE.

More Low-Carbon Energy News COP23,  Climate Change,  Michael Bloomberg,  Climate Change,  


IEA Energy Services, M-III Partners Report Merger (M&A)
IEA Energy Services
Date: 2017-11-13
NYC-headquartered corporate consultancy M-III Partners LP reports it is merging with with IEA Energy Services, an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) firm in the renewable energy sector, in a deal worth approximately 255 million.

IEA Energy Services owns the operating assets of Infrastructure and Energy Alternatives, a company created to acquire and manage firms delivering infrastructure solutions for the renewable energy and infrastructure industries. M-III will be renamed as Infrastructure and Energy Alternatives, Inc (IEA), which will own all of the existing renewable energy EPC businesses of Infrastructure and Energy Alternatives. The IEA businesses have reportedly installed around 7,200 wind turbines in about 200 projects totaling over 14GW of electricity. (Source: IEA Energy Services, CTBR, 6 Nov., 2017) Contact: IEA Energy Services, JP Roehm, CEO, https://www.linkedin.com/in/j-p-roehm-427a8119; M-III Partners, Mohsin Meghji, CEO, (212) 716-1491, www.miiipartners.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News IEA Energy Services,  


NJ Governor-Elect Murphy Pledges RGGI Re-Entry (Ind. Report)
RGGI
Date: 2017-11-13
In the Garden State, Governor-elect Phil Murphy has vowed to "immediately" bring his state back into the nine-state Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) which swaps pollution credits and invests that money back into clean energy programs.

Outgoing New Jersey Governor and Trunp supporter Chris Christie -- using typical Trump terminology -- called the program "gimmicky" and a "failure" when he withdrew his state from it beginning in 2012.

Participating RGGI states -- Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont -- agree to limit pollution from power plants and to allow energy producers to bid against each other in auctions for the right to emit carbon. To date, the RGGI auctions have raised $2.7 billion that is being used to fund clean-energy and energy efficiency programs. (Source: WNPR, RGGI, Various Media, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: RGGI, (212) 417-3179, www.rggi.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News RGGI,  


US Senate, House Proposals Differ on Wind Tax Credit (Reg & Leg)
AWEA
Date: 2017-11-13
The American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) is reporting that US Senate Republicans' just released tax overhaul plan leaves the wind energy production tax credit (PTC) unscathed and honours the terms of the five-year PTC phase-out passed by Congress in 2015.

The House version of the legislation proposes to cut the value of the credit and change the start of construction terms for qualification. According to AWEA, the House bill changes are "sending shock waves through the market" and if passed into law could slash the number of new US wind energy project in half. (Source: AWEA, BNEF, Renewables Now, Others 10 Nov., 2017) Contact: AWEA , Tom Kiernan, CEO, www.awea.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News AWEA,  Wind,  Wind Production Tax Credit,  


COP23 Updated on IMO's GHG, Climate Change Work (Int'l)
IMO
Date: 2017-11-13
From the COP23 climate conference meeting in Bonn, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) reports the IMO's draft strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships has certified more than 2,600 ocean-going ships to the mandatory energy efficiency design requirements, which have been in force since 2013.

The IMO also reports the significant global reduction in the sulphur content of the fuel oil used by ships from 1 January 2020 is expected to further contribute to maritime GHG emissions through the anticipated resulting uptake of alternative fuels. IMO also noted its capacity-building and technical cooperation with the UNDP-GEF-IMO global energy efficiency project (GloMEEP) and the European-Union funded maritime technology cooperation centre's network (GMN) project. (Source: IMO, Marine Link, 7 Nov., 2017)Contact: IMO, Stefan Micallef, Director of Marine Environment Division, +44 (0) 20 7735 7611, www.imo.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News IMO,  Maritime Emissions,  GHGs,  Greenhouse Gas,  


Madison G&E's 66-MW Iowa Wind Farm Gets the Nod (Reg & Leg)
Madison Gas and Electric ,RPM Access
Date: 2017-11-13
Further to our February 24th coverage, Wisconsin-headquartered investor-owned utility Madison Gas and Electric (MGE) reports it has received Public Service Commission of Wisconsin (PSCW) approval for the construction of a $107 million, 66-MW 33 turbine wind park near Saratoga, Iowa.

Construction is expected to get under way in spring of 2018 for completion before the year end. MGE acquired the rights to the shovel-ready site in 2016 from RPM Access LLC, the original developer. (Source: Madison Gas and Elec., Renewables Now, Nov., 2017) Contact: Madison Gas and Electric , Gary Wolter, CEO, (608) 252-7222, www.mge.com; RPM Access LLC, www.rpmaccess.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Madison Gas and Electric ,  Wind,  


Mexico Adopts Mandatory Energy Efficiency Standards (Int'l Report)
Energy Efficiency
Date: 2017-11-13
In Mexico City, the Mexican government has established mandatory minimum energy efficiency standards, effective April, 2018, for external power supplies in on-mode, maximum power limits for external power supplies in no-load or vacuum mode, as well as test methods and conformity assessment and marking requirements. It covers external power supplies that convert alternating current voltage to a single level of fixed continuous current voltage with a maximum output power of 250 watts or less. External power supplies incorporating a battery, battery pack or battery type/chemistry switch, as well as supplies that form part of equipment and apparatus that are not sold to the public and are intended for special uses, are excluded from the new regulations. Details have not been announced. (Source: Mexico Sec. of Energy, Various Media, Nov., 2017) Contact: Mexico Sec. of Energy, calidad@energia.gob.mx, www.gob.mx/sener

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  


Ameren Ill. Recognizes Bloomington's Energy Efficiency (Ind. Report)
Ameren Illinois,City of Bloomington
Date: 2017-11-13
Ameren Illinois is lauding the city of Bloomington (78,000 pop.) as a 2017 Progressive City for its energy efficiency and sustainability efforts. The recognition comes on the heels of the city logging nearly $250,000 in energy cost savings in the last year.

Ameren Illinois also recognized Bloomington for completing 280 residential and business energy saving projects in the last year. Ameren also granted the city $2,500 to support replacing florescent lighting with LEDs in Bloomington City Hall. (Source: Ameren Illinois, WJBC, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: Ameren Illinois, Carla Campbell-Jackson, Snr. Mgr., www.ameren.com/illinois City of Bloomington, www.cityblm.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News Ameren Illinois,  City of Bloomington,  Energy Efficiency,  


$35.2Mn for Calif. Dairy Anaerobic Digester Projects (Funding)
California Department of Food and Agriculture
Date: 2017-11-13
In Sacramento, the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) reports it has awarded $35.2 million in grant funding to 18 dairy digester projects across the state. Dairy digester grant recipients will provide an estimated $71.2 million in matching funds for the development of their projects.. These projects, part of the Dairy Digester Research and Development Program, will reduce methane greenhouse gas emissions from manure on California dairy farms.

CDFA, which also administers the Alternative Manure Management Program promoting non-digester manure management practices to reduce methane emissions, received 53 applications requesting a total of $29.5 million in grants.

Financial assistance for the installation of dairy digesters comes from California Climate Investments, a statewide initiative that uses Cap-and-Trade program funds to support the state's climate goals. CDFA and other state agencies are investing these proceeds in projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and provide additional benefits to California communities.

The Dairy Digester Research and Development Program (DDRDP) and Alternative Manure Management Program (AMMP) are part of California Climate Investments, a statewide program that puts billions of Cap and Trade dollars to work reducing GHG emissions. (Source: California Department of Food and Agriculture, PR, Nov., 2017) Contact 2017 Dairy Digester Research and Development Program www.cdfa.ca.gov/go/dd; CDFA, www.cdfa.ca.gov; California Climate Investments, www.caclimateinvestments.ca.gov

More Low-Carbon Energy News Anaerobic Digester,  Methane,  


BayWa Touting Zambian Solar-plus-Energy Storage Pilot (Int'l)
BayWa r.e.
Date: 2017-11-13
German renewable energy developer BayWa r.e. is reporting commissioning of a combined PV and battery energy storage system in Zambia's Chisamba province, where it will supply irrigation for aquacultural farming. The 260 solar module, 86 kWp project will supply up to 450kWh for 13 hours per day. Excess energy will be stored in 160kWh battery storage system.

BayWa r.e. will assume technical operations management of the plant as well as train farmers to use and monitor the storage systems. (Source: Baywa, Energy Storage, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: BayWa r.e. GmbH, Christof Thannbichler, Managing Director Solar Projects, Matthias Taft, CEO, +49 (89) 383932 131, www.baywa-re.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News BayWa r.e.,  Solar,  Energy Storage,  


Marine Corp Base Cuts $15Mn Off Annual Energy Cost (Ind. Report)
Camp Lejune
Date: 2017-11-13
In Jacksonville, North Carolina, U.S. Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune and Marine Corps Air Station New River have been awarded the US DOE Federal Energy Management Program, SECNAV Energy Award for the 2nd year in a row.

The Navy's Energy and Water Management Awards Program is designed to promote excellence in the areas of efficiency, management, renewable energy, new technology, training innovation and awareness.

To win the award, Camp Lejeune took action to reduce usage by $15.3 million annually by creating a steam decentralization project. The $150 million project allowed the installation to transition from burning coal to burning natural gas, a more environmentally friendly alternative that reduced CO2 emissions by 70,000 tpy and saves 87 million gpy of water. (Source: Camp Lejune Globe, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: US Marine Corp Camp Lejune, www.lejeune.marines.mil

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  


WSU Studies Soil Carbon Sink Capacities (R&D)
Washington State University, Marc Kramer
Date: 2017-11-13
According to an international research team headed by Associate Research Scientist Marc G, Kramer at Washington State University, soil minerals approximately one foot beneath the earth surface could hold up to three times as much carbon as is found in the atmosphere. However, proper management of the soil is needed to reduce the levels of CO2 in the air, according to an international team of researchers.

More than half the carbon stored in soil is more than 1 foot beneath the surface, and at that depth the organic matter in the soil is almost entirely associated with minerals. Studying samples from China and Puerto Rico, the team found that mineral interactions rather than microbial activity was influencing carbon and nitrogen storage levels. (Source: Washington State Univ., Science Alert, 11 Nov., 2017) Contact: Washington State University, Marc Kramer, marc.kramer@wsu.edu, //labs.wsu.edu/kramerlab/marc-g-kramer

More Low-Carbon Energy News Soil Carbon,  Carbon Sink,  CO2,  Carbon Dioxice,  


TUV Rheinland, GIGA Partner on Sustainable Building Design (Int'l)
TUV Rheinland,GIGA
Date: 2017-11-13
Reporting from Cologne, global testing and certification provider TUV Rheinland says it has joined forces with the international standards organization Global Innovations Green Algorithms (GIGA) to help designers build more sustainable buildings.

Under the new partnership, some contents of TUV Rheinland's global Certipedia certificate database will be fed into GIGA's online material data hub, Origin, which includes certified, environment-friendly building materials and products. This will empower designers to easily find and source green, healthy and sustainable building products. TUV Rheinland's Certipedia database will be integrated into Origin's infrastructure in the fall of 2017.

GIGA's assessment infrastructure, tools and metrics are used by hundreds of companies to track and communicate the health performance of their buildings and indoor spaces. (Source: TUV Rheinland, Nov., 2017) Contact: TUV Rhineland, Holger Kunz, Executive VP Products, www.tuv.com; GIGA, www.gigabase.org, https://origin.build

More Low-Carbon Energy News GIGA,  TUV Rheinland,  Sustainable Building,  


NAIT Developing Long-Haul Trucking Low-Carbon Fuel (Ind. Report)
Northern Alberta Institute of Technology,Oberon Fuels
Date: 2017-11-13
On the Canadian Praries, the Edmonton-based Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) reports it has has partnered with industry stakeholders to bring all-weather low-carbon fuel to the long-haul trucking industry. Working with Mack Trucks, Westcan Bulk Transport, and Oberon Fuels, the effort is supported by the Alberta Ministry of Economic Development and Trade with funding of $368,000. .

NAIT researchers will work to develop fuel moisture management technology for dimethyl ether (DME), which is a cleaner-burning diesel fuel alternative made from natural gas or methanol produced from biomass feedstock. The technology aims to remove any residual water from the DME before injection into the engine, eliminated the risk of corrosion and reduced performance. NAIT plans to test the technology using Mack trucks from Westcan's operating in Alberta. (Source: Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Truck West, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Dr. Glenn Feltham, Pres., CEO, (780) 471-6248, www.nait.ca

More Low-Carbon Energy News DME,  Biofuel,  Ethanol,  LOw-Carbon Fuel,  


EU Expecting COP23 Affirmation of Paris Climate Agreement Targets, Progress (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
COP23, Paris Climate Agreement
Date: 2017-11-13
At the opening of the COP23 meeting in Bonn, the European Commission (EC) reported that the European Union cuts it greenhouse gas emissions 23 pct between 1990 and 2016, while the economy grew by 53 pct over the same period. According to the EC's latest report -- Two years after Paris -- Progress towards meeting the EU's climate commitments -- the falling emissions in a growing economy is a strong confirmation that the EU's remains firmly on track to meet its 2020 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target.

Under the Paris agreement, the EU has committed to cut CO2 emissions by at least 40% pct by 2030 while modernizing the EU's economy and delivering on jobs and growth for all European citizens. In 2016, EU emissions decreased by 0.7 pct while GDP grew by 1.9 pct.

The EU is one of the major economies with the lowest per capita emissions, and the emissions per unit of GDP continue to fall. The progress report also looks at the EU's contribution to international climate action. In 2016, the EU and its Member States continued to be a major provider of climate finance to developing countries, increasing their overall contribution to last year reach €20.2 billion. (Source: EU, EC,New Europe Online/KG, 7 Nov., 2017)

More Low-Carbon Energy News COP23,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  


ICS Calls for Zero CO2 Emissions for Ocean Shipping (Int'l)
International Chamber of Shipping,IMO
Date: 2017-11-13
According to the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), which represents more than 80 pct of the world's maritime fleet, the elimination of carbon emissions from oceangoing vessels is achievable by the end of this century. To accomplish this goal the shipping industry must continue to support International Maritime Organization (IMO) with developing an ambitious CO2 reduction strategy, as well as embrace renewable energy-based power technologies.

. While still requiring final IMO verification, ICS said current emissions reduction measures undertaken by the maritime industry has reduced the annual CO2 emissions to about 8 pct below the 2008 peak, despite a 30 pct increase in maritime trade. Various IMO member states have called for ship emissions reductions in the range of 50 to 70 pct by 2050 and 2060 (Source: ICS, American Shipper, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: IMO, Stefan Micallef, Director of Marine Environment Division, +44 (0) 20 7735 7611, www.imo.org; International Chamber of Shipping, www.ics-shipping.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News IMO,  International Chamber of Shipping,  Maritime Emissions,  Shipping Emissions,  


RedT Energy, Centrica Complete UK Energy Storage Project (Int'l)
RedT Energy,Centrica
Date: 2017-11-13
In the UK, RedT Energy is reporting its flagship UK 1MWh energy storage project, in partnership with Centrica Plc is now fully operational and connected to the UK grid. Located at a farm and holiday retreat in North Cornwall, the machines will be used as a flexible platform to utilize significantly more of its renewable solar onsite generation, the company said.

"This remains one of the only commercial energy storage projects of its kind in the UK as a fully flexible energy storage platform," according to RedT CEO Scott McGregor. (Source: RedT Energy, Stock Market Wire, 13 Nov., 2017) Contact: RedT Energy, Scott McGregor, CEO, +44 (0) 207 061 6233, www.redtenergy.com; Centrica Plc, www.centrica.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Centrica,  RedT Energy,  Battery,  Energy Storage,  


Methanex, Painted Pony Energy Ink Feedstock Deal (Ind. Report)
Methanex,Painted Pony Energy
Date: 2017-11-13
Vancouver-headquartered methanol producer Methanex reports it has inked a 14-year agreement with Calgary-based gas producer Painted Pony Energy for the majority of the natural gas required for Methanex's 600,000 mt methanol plant in Medicine Hat, Alberta.

The agreement is slated to begin in 2018 and features a competitive fixed price for gas. Contracted quantities will be lower in the contract's early years to allow for Methanex's pre-existing natural gas forward purchase contracts, and will increase to roughly 50,000 MMBtu/d -- approximately 80 pct -90 pct -- of the plant's gas requirements from 2023, according to a Metrhanex statement. (Source: Methanex, SP Global, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: Methanex, John Floren, Pres., CEO, (604) 661 2600, www.methanex.com; Painted Pony Energy, (403) 475-0440, www.paintedpony.ca

More Low-Carbon Energy News Methanex,  Methanol,  


Advanced Chemical Technologies Plans Sarnia Methanol Demo (Ind. Report)
Advanced Chemical Technologies
Date: 2017-11-13
Advanced Chemical Technologies reports it plans to construct a $150 million commercial scale green methanol demonstration facility at Transalta's Bluewater Energy Park in Sarnia-Lambton, Ontario by late 2020. To that end, the company has partnered with Bioindustrial Innovation Canada (BIC) to conduct a feasibility study and identify any commercial barriers to the project.

ACT's proprietary process will use industrial CO2 emissions, natural gas, water, and electricity to produce methanol which can be used as a fuel and in products like plastics and adhesives. (Source: Advanced Chemicals Technologies, Bioindustrial Innovation Canada, Blackburn, Nov., 2017) Contact: Advanced Chemical Technologies Inc., Doug Beynon, Pres., (405) 843-2585, www.advchemtech.com; Bioindustrial Innovation Canada, (226) 778-0020, /www.bincanada.ca

More Low-Carbon Energy News Methanol,  Biochemical,  Bioindustrial Innovation Canada ,  


Energy Efficiency Impacts Mortgage Default Rate (Ind. Report)
LBL,UC-Berkeley
Date: 2017-11-10
Impact of Energy Factors on Default Risk in Commercial Mortgages, a recent study by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and the University of California, Berkeley ( UC Berkeley) has found that energy efficient buildings are less likely to default on their mortgages than their more energy-intensive peers.The report also found that commercial buildings with higher energy consumption or higher energy costs had a higher default rate than more energy-efficient buildings. The study also noted that the higher a building's Energy Star score the lower the likelihood that the building would default on its mortgage.

While a building's energy expense is typically up to 30 pct of its operating cost, energy intensity and cost have not historically been included in the building appraisal or pro forma. As a result, mortgage underwriters have not generally included this information in the underwriting process. With building energy data and benchmarking data becoming more and more available -- 25 of the largest U.S. cities and California presently require energy disclosure -- it will be easier for appraisers and underwriters to include these data in their evaluation process. If energy efficiency can be correlated to mortgage default rates, it could have a significant impact on energy disclosure and possibly even mortgage interest rates.

Download the full Impact of Energy Factors on Default Risk in Commercial Mortgages report HERE. (Source: LBL, UC-Berkeley, Oct., 2017) (Contact: City Energy Project , www.cityenergyproject.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News Building Energy Efficiency,  Energy Benchmarking,  


Biodico Touts Community Design Technology (New Prod & Tech)
Biodico
Date: 2017-11-10
Ventura, California-based renewable energy company Biodico is touting its internet-based Master Community Design technology that enables farms and communities in California's Central Valley identify on-site renewable sources of clean energy and then create a plan to convert those resources into electricity and liquid biofuels.

Biodico's Zero Net Energy Farm (ZNEF) is partially funded by the California Energy Commission and is the world's first fully sustainable liquid biofuel facility to help address energy needs and climate goals in California's Central Valley.

Privately held Biodico builds, owns and operates sustainable biofuel and renewable energy facilities; conducts R&D with the U.S. Navy; and collaborates with strategic joint venture partners to patent and commercialize proprietary technologies for the sustainable multi-feedstock modular production of next-generation biofuels. (Source: Biodico, Inc., PR, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: Biodico, Trey Teall, VP Operations, (805) 683-8103, www.biodico.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biodico,  


Canadian Clean Fuel Standard Behind Schedule (Reg & Leg)
Clean Energy Canada
Date: 2017-11-10
In Ottawa, the Canadian federal government's plan to have national Clean Fuel Standard (CFS) regulations to help reduce vehicle emissions in place by mid-2018 is in doubt, according to Vancouver-based Clean Energy Canada. The CFS was supposed to start with consultations in the spring and then follow up with the framework this fall. The discussion paper came in February followed by discussion groups and consultations with other governments and industry, but Environment Minister Catherine McKenna will no longer commit to unveiling the framework before Christmas.

The Canadian CFS would require fuel producers to reduce the carbon intensity of their products and require the blending of ethanol, biodiesel and/or renewable diesel with petroleum-based fuels. The CFS The standard aims to cut 30 million tonnes of annual greenhouse gas emissions total by 2030, which is more than one-third of the emissions cuts predicted from the entire Pan Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change.

A CFS could add 5 cents to the price of a litre of gasoline in addition to the 11.6 cents a litre a $50 a tonne carbon price is expected to add. (Source: Clean Energy Canada, CleanTech Canada, Canadian Manufacturing, Others, Nov., 2017) Contact: Clean Energy Canada, Jeremy Moorhouse, Snr. Policy Analyst, (604) 947-2200, www.cleanenergycanada.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News CFS,  Clean Energy Canada,  Canada Clean Fuel Standard,  


Kapiti Biodiesel Co-op Launched in New Zealand (Int'l Report)
Kapiti Biodiesel Co-op
Date: 2017-11-10
In Kapiti, New Zealand, the recently launched Kapiti Biodiesel Co-op reports it is accessing a crowd-funding campaign to equip its small-scale biodiesel production facility. The plant will use locally sourced used cooking oil to produce biodiesel with BioPro190 technology

The co-op members will provide the initial equity capital but are looking to raise additional money via crowdfunding to acquire a mini-tanker to transport the fuel and other equipment. The co-op's first biodiesel production is expected to be delivered in January, 2018. (Source: Kapiti Biodiesel Coop. PR, Co-op News, 8 Nov., 2017) Contact: Kapiti Biodiesel Co-op, http://www.ica-ap.coop/icanews/introducing-kapiti-biodiesel-cooperative

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biodiesel,  


Holloman AFB Solar Project Underway (Ind. Report)
Holloman USF
Date: 2017-11-10
El Paso Electric (EPE) and the Holloman USF base in New Mexico report construction is underway on a new 5 MW solar facility that will serve the Holloman Air Force Base. The solar plant will be an EPE owned dedicated energy resource for Holloman and is the first renewable energy project that EPE will build to serve a military installation.

With the addition of this solar facility, EPE will increase its utility-scale renewable energy solar resources to a total of 115 MWs. The Holloman solar facility is expected to be operational in Q3, 2018. The 56,000 thin-film module solar facility will generate enough clean energy to power more than 1,700 homes annually. (Source: El Paso Electric, USAF, Alamagordo News, 8 Nov., 2017) Contact: El Paso Electric, Mary Kipp, Pres., CEO, Richard Turner, VP Corporate Development, (800) 592-1634, www.epelectric.com; Holloman AFB, www.holloman.af.mil

More Low-Carbon Energy News El Paso Electric,  Solar,  


Building Energy SpA Breaks Ground on Md. Solar Park (Ind. Report)
Building Energy SpA
Date: 2017-11-10
Building Energy SpA reports the ground breaking for the 18-MW, 50,000 panel Annapolis Solar Park on an 80-acre closed landfill in Annapolis, Md. Opon completion, the project will be the largest solar project exclusively installed on a closed landfill in the U.S., according to the U.S. EPA.

The project, which will be owned and operated by Building Energy, is expected to be completed and online in the spring of 2018. The project has signed PPAs with the City of Annapolis, Anne Arundel County and Anne Arundel County Board of Education. (Source: Building Energy, Waste360, Various Others, Nov. 8, 2017) Contact: Building Energy, Fabrizio Zago, CEO , www.buildingenergy.it

More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar,  


Germany Offsetting COP23 Carbon Footprint with CERs (Int'l)
COP23
Date: 2017-11-10
Reporting from Bonn, Fiji's Ambassador to the European Union and COP23 Climate Ambassador Deo Saran says the German government will calculate the carbon footprint of COP23 and offset emissions with the purchase of certified emissions reduction credits (CERs) from the Clean Development Mechanism projects (CDM), with a preference for CERs registered in Small Island Developing States, including Fiji.

Fiji, which is the presiding President of the COP23 conference now underway in Bonn to 17 Nov., says COP 23 brings a sense of urgency as several Pacific islands are threatened by rising sea level and could soon disappear underwater. (Source: Fiji Times, 6 Nov., 2017) Contact: COP23 President Fifi, www.cop23.com.fj

More Low-Carbon Energy News CDM,  Carbon Emissions,  Carbon Offsets,  Carbon Footprint,  


40-Turbine Wind Farm Proposed for Broome County NY (Ind. Report)
Calpine
Date: 2017-11-10
In Broome Couty, New York, the Binghamton is reporting that Calpine is proposing a to construct a 40-turbine near the Pennsylvania border east of Binghamton. The Bluestone Wind project would generate 124 MW which is sufficient for approximately 20,000 homes. (Source: Binghamton Press, SF Gate, AP, 5 Nov., 2017) Contact: Calpine Corp., Thad Hill, CEO, (713) 830-2000, www.calpine.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Calpine,  Wind,  


Mandatory State Policies Best for Curbing Power Plant Emissions, says Emory Study (Ind. Report)
Emory University
Date: 2017-11-10
According to a study from Emory University, US state policies aimed at mitigating power plant emissions vary widely in effectiveness, state policies with mandatory compliance have seen the largest reductions in power plant emissions. Accordingly, the study recommends that individual states adopt a policy under which power plants are required to register and report greenhouse gas emissions.

The study analyzed 17 policies adopted by various states relating to climate and energy. States that adopted a mandatory policy for power plants to register and report greenhouse gas emissions showed the largest reductions, at an average of 2.6 million metric tons of CO2 emissions per year.

The second most significant policy involved public benefit funds allotted for energy efficiency and renewable energy programs. That policy was associated with a reduction of 1.5 million tons of CO2 emissions from power plants.

The study is unclear on whether one of these single policies was the actual driver of the reduction in emissions, or an indicator that a state takes climate change mitigation seriously and is attacking the issue on many fronts, the report authors claim. For instance, three states -- New York, Connecticut and Oregon -- have each adopted both of the top two most effective policies, along with at least eight others. Georgia, on the other hand, has adopted only one state policy to curb power plant emissions -- calling for voluntary reporting of emissions. Emissions are on the rise in Georgia, along with several other states that had adopted a voluntary reporting policy, the analysis showed. (Source: Emory Health Sciences, PR, 6 Nov., 2017) Contact: Emory Health Sciences, Carol Clark, (404) 727-0501, carol.clark@emory.edu, www.emory.edu

More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  


NRG Energy Seeks Hawaiian Solar Farm Financing (Ind. Report)
NRG Energy
Date: 2017-11-10
Houston-headquartered NRG Energy Inc. is reportedly looking for $350 million to finance three solar farm projects in Hawaii. NRG Energy acquired the solar farm projects from bankrupt SunEdison and plans to begin construction on all three projects is 2018, subject to financing.

The company is also seeking to raise approximately $4 billion from the sale of some of its other renewables assets in a move to cut costs and reduce debt. (Source: NRG, Pacific Business News, 8 Nov., 2017) Contact: Hawaiian Electric NRG Energy, Mauricio Gutierrez, CEO, (609) 524-4500, www.nrgenergy.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News NRG Energy,  Solar,  


ExxonMobil Partnerships Focus on Lowering Energy Carbon Emissions (Ind. Report, R&D)
ExxonMobil partners with Singapore universities to focus on energy innovation, lower-emissions technologies
Date: 2017-11-10
Oil giant ExxonMobil reports it is partnering with Nanyang Technological University and the National University of Singapore on the 2019 opening of the proposed Singapore Energy Center.

The Center will focus on new technologies that could improve energy production, enhance energy efficiency and other efforts to mitigate the risk of climate change. ExxonMobil will support the center's wide range of early-stage research projects while the company's researchers and scientists collaborate with students and faculty at the two universities, as well as other industry contributors, once the center opens in early 2019.

In previous similar ExxonMobil initiatives, in 2014 the company became a founding member of the MIT Energy Initiative with a five-year, $25-million commitment to support faculty and student research efforts. In 2016, ExxonMobil announced a $15 million investment as a leading member of the University of Texas at Austin Energy Institute exploring transformational energy innovations. ExxonMobil is also a founding member of the Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) at Stanford University, supported by a $100-million commitment announced in 2002. GCEP is focused on developing fundamental, game-changing scientific breakthroughs that could lead to lower greenhouse gas emissions and a less carbon-intensive global energy system. (Source: ExxonMobil, World Oil, 7 Nov., 2017)

More Low-Carbon Energy News ExxonMobil ,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change ,  


Brown Calls for EU, California, Cap-and-Trade Links (Ind. Report)
Carbon Markets
Date: 2017-11-10
Speaking to gathering EU parliamentarians this week in Brussels, California Governer Jerry Brown said "Climate change is a threat to all of humanity, to all species, and it can only be solved by a global cooperative effort that must be far greater than it is today." To that end, Brown recommended that his state link its signature cap-and-trade climate-change program to its European counterpart. Such a link could make it less expensive for businesses to cut emissions, Brown said.

"We're not there yet, and I can't tell you exactly what all the technical hurdles are, (but) the goal ultimately is to have a large, worldwide carbon trading system -- with California, in some way, linking with the European Union an immediate goal," the governor added. (Source: Capital Public Radio, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: Governor of California, Edmund G. (Jerry) Browm, (916) 445-2841, http://gov.ca.gov

More Low-Carbon Energy News Jerry Brown ,  Cap-and-Trade,  California Carbon Market,  


EU Calls for 30 pct Vehicle CO2 Reduction by 2030 (Int'l Report)

Date: 2017-11-10
On Wednesday, the 28-member European Commission (EC)announced proposals for stricter carbon dioxide (CO2) limits for cars and vans to cover the period from 2021 up until 2030, the current key target year in the battle against climate change. The EC also wants new vehicle to emit 15 pct less CO2 by 2025 with the 30-pct rate kicking in five years later.

Automakers that miss the desired targets would, under the proposed legislation, be subject to penalties as high as €95 ($110) per gram of CO2 above the prescribed limit. The proposal requires approval by the 28 EU members states and the European Parliament before becoming law. The auto industry has warned the 30 pct might be "overly challenging." (Source: EC, Various Media, Deutsche Welle, 8 Nov., 2017)

More Low-Carbon Energy News Vehicle Emissions,  COs,  


ICS Forecasting Carbon-Free Shipping after 2050 (Int'l)
International Chamber of Shipping
Date: 2017-11-10
In Bonn, the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) announced its vision for a carbon-free fleet in the second half of the century and proposed that International Maritime Organization (IMO) member states adopt a "suitably ambitious goal" for a reduction in carbon emissions, based on an "agreed percentage."

In addition to any climate measures that IMO may adopt, unrelated regulatory initiatives are likely to lead to emissions reductions in the near term due to "significant increases in marine fuels and the switch by the entire world fleet to low sulphur fuels." "This should greatly incentivize, to the extent this is possible, the further reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by ships.," the ICS says. (Source: International Chamber of Shipping , MarExec,, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: IMO, Stefan Micallef, Director of Marine Environment Division, +44 (0) 20 7735 7611, www.imo.org; International Chamber of Shipping, www.ics-shipping.org International Chamber of Shipping,

More Low-Carbon Energy News International Chamber of Shipping,  IMO ,  


Diamond Green Diesel Considers Production Increase (Ind. Report)
Darling Ingredients,Valero
Date: 2017-11-10
Following on our 22nd April, 2016 coverage, Diamond Green Diesel -- a joint venture between Darling Ingredients Inc and San Antonio-headquartered petroleum and ethanol producer Valero Energy -- report plans to initiate an engineering and construction cost analysis of growing production at the Diamond Green Diesel (DGD) facility in Norco, Louisiana to 550 million gpy.

The facility's renewable diesel production capacity is currently being increased from 160 million gpy to 275 million gpy, as of Q2, 2018. If completed, the new capacity would be available early in 2021.

Darling Ingredients recovers and converts used cooking oil and commercial bakery residuals into valuable feed and fuel ingredients. (Source: Darling Ingedients, PR, MarketInsider, 7 Nov., 2017). Contact: Darling Ingredients, (972) 717-0300, http://ir.darlingii.com; Valero Energy, (800) 324-8464, www.valero.com; Diamond Green Diesel, sales@diamondgreendiesel.com, www.diamondgreendiesel.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Darling Ingredients,  Valero,  Biodiesel,  Renewable Diesel,  Green Diesel,  


Gainesville Finally Seals $754Mn Biomass Plant Deal for (M&A)
Gainesville Renewable Energy Center
Date: 2017-11-10
Further to our 12 April, 2017 report, the city of Gainesville reports it officially closed on and taken ownership of the Gainesville Renewable (biomass) Energy Center (GREC). With the acquisition, the city expects to cut electric power costs and save $768 million over the next 30 years.

Although Goldman Sachs pegged the facility's value at $450 million, the deal closed at $754 million to accommodate a binding 30-year contract that called for the city to pay GREC about $70 million per year over the next 26 years -- $1.9 billion -- even if the city did not use the facility's available energy. (Source: Gainesville.com, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: Gainesville Renewable Energy Center, Jim Gordon, Pres., (386) 315-8010, info@gainesvillebiomass.com, www.gainesvillebiomass.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biomass,  MSW,  Gainesville Renewable Energy Center,  


SEFA Support S.African Woody Biomass-to-Power Project (Int'l)
Biomass,Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa
Date: 2017-11-10
The Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa (SEFA) has approved US$990,000 funding to support Thala Health Care Management Services planned 10-MW agriculture, forestry and timber waste biomass-to-power plant to be located 200 km south of Durban, South Africa.

The project is expected to have a significant "demonstration effect" with regards to bioEnergy and showcase Corporate Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) as an anchor for renewable energy power generation as well as have a significant impact on the region's economy.

SEFA is a US$95-million multi-donor facility funded by the governments of Denmark, the UK, the United States and Italy, and is hosted by the Renewable Energy Department of the AfDB. (Source: African Development Bank Group, PR, 9 Nov., 2017) Contact: African Development Bank, www.afdb.org; Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa, www.se4all-africa.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biomass,  Woody Biomass,  Biomass-to-Power,  


NV Energy Seeks Three Nev. Solar Project Approvals (Ind. Report)
NV Energy
Date: 2017-11-10
NV Energy reports it has filed a request with the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada to approve three new long-term solar power purchase agreements totaling 100 megawatts. The three new solar renewable energy projects, if approved, will be built in Nevada.

The 50-MW Turquoise Nevada solar project, to be constructed in the Reno Technology Park will benefit from a 25-year PPA and is expected to be operational by the end of 2020. The Turquoise Nevada solar project is a venture of Estuary Capital Advisors and Sumitomo Corporation of Americas. NV Energy has submitted a separate request with the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada to utilize the NV GreenEnergy Rider program to help a major customer offset 100 percent of its next phase of growth with solar energy.

If approved, the new solar energy projects will be operational on or before September 1, 2020. (Source: NV Energy, Various Media, 8 Nov., 2017) Contact: NV Energy , Pat Egan, VP Renewable Energy and Smart Infrastructure, www.nvenergy.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News NV Energy,  Soplar,  ,  


Energy Savings Trust Collaborating on Canadian Building Energy Performance Labeling Program (Ind. Report)
Natural Resources Canada,Energy Savings Trust
Date: 2017-11-10
In the UK, the Energy Saving Trust reports it is collaborating with Natural Resources Canada (NRC) to introduce building energy labeling schemes in Canada.

In the UK and Europe, buildings that are sold or rented is required to present an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) that details the building's energy consumption, efficiency and related information to potential purchasers or renters. UK and European homes with higher EPC ratings have been shown to command a higher rental of sale value.

In the UK and Europe, the EPC has been a mandatory part of the buying, selling and renting process since 2008. In December 2016, the PanCanadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change -- Canada's country-wide climate change plan -- federal, provincial, and territorial governments agreed to work together on a program similar to the UK's. The Canadian program would require building energy use labels as early as 2019. (Source: NRC, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: Natural Resources Canada, (343) 292-6100, www.nrcan.gc.ca; Energy Savings Trust, www.energysavingtrust.org.uk

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  Natural Resources Canada,  


Energize Des Moines Launches Energy Savings Program (Ind. Report)
Energize Des Moines
Date: 2017-11-10
In the Hawkeye State, the city of Des Moines' Energize Des Moines is launching a voluntary energy efficiency and management program targeting occupied commercial, multifamily, hospitality, industrial and institutional buildings in an effort to cut building energy consumption by 10 pct or more by 2020.

The program , which is focused on buildings of 25,000 square-feet or more, will gather and utilize data with the US DOE's Energy Star Portfolio Manager software and enroll the building with the city by Dec. 31.

The program is sponsored by the City of Des Moines; the Greater Des Moines Partnership; MidAmerican Energy; the Iowa chapter of the American Institute of Architects, central Iowa section; Urban Land Institute Iowa; the U.S. Green Building Council, Iowa chapter; the Iowa Economic Development Authority energy office; and the Iowa Association for Energy Efficiency. (Source: City of Des Moines, Business Record, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: City of Des Moines, City Manager, (515) 283-4141, www.dmgov.org; Greater Des Moines Partnership, (515) 286-4950, www.dsmpartnership.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  


Ameren's Energy Efficiency Program Saves Kraft Heinz $1.1Mn (Ind. Report)
Ameren Missouri
Date: 2017-11-10
St. Louis-based Ameren Missouri, the Show Me State's largest utility reports that by identifying energy efficiency opportunities and possible upgrades, its BizSavers Program helped Kraft Heinz food processors realize over $1 million in incentives and save more than 15 million kilowatt-hours annually -- the equivalent of energy consumed by 1,216 homes -- at its Kirksville plant. Efficiencies were gained by installing LED lighting and motor controls, and optimizing compressed air systems, according to a press release.

The Ameren program offers cash incentives and technical assistance to businesses for improving their energy efficiency. The moves at Kraft Heinz will save (Source: Ameren, Kirksville Daily Express, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: Ameren Missouri, Rich Wright, Manager Energy Efficiency, www.AmerenMissouri.com/BizSavers

More Low-Carbon Energy News Ameren Missouri ,  Energy Efficiency,  


NRG Deploys 2-MW Li-Ion Energy Storage System in TX (Ind. Report)
NRG Energy,Toshiba
Date: 2017-11-10
NRG Energy is reporting the deployment of a 2-MW, lithium-ion battery storage system for the ERCOT grid in West Texas. The system was installed near NRG's and NRG Yield's Elbow Creek Wind Farm in Howard County, Texas.

The Elbow Creek installation is expected to demonstrate the environmental and commercial commercial viability of combining energy storage with renewable generation as well as correct short-term grid imbalances with high-speed frequency regulation services and move blocks of generation as needed. (Source: NRG Energy, Toshiba, Power Engineering, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: NRG Energy Inc., (609) 524-4500, www.nrgenergy.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News NRG Energy,  Energy Storage,  Toshiba,  Lithium-ion Battery,  


COP23
Date: 2017-11-09



LafargeHolcim, Heliatek Launching Solar Energy-Generating Concrete Building Facade (New Prod & Tech)
LafargeHolcim,Heliatek
Date: 2017-11-08
Global building materials supplier LafargeHolcim and Dresden, Germany-headquartered Heliatek GmbH are touting a photovoltaic energy-generating concrete building facade material that can generate twice the electric power of rooftop solar installations.

The cladding combines Heliatek's flexible and ultra-light HeliaFilm solar film with LafargeHolcim's prefabricated Ductal panels to create an integrated solar energy-generation system.

Heliatek offers a range of ultra-light (1 kg/sqm), thin, solar films with CO2 life cycle impact close to five times less than traditional crystalline photovoltaics. (Source: LafargeHochim, 7 Nov., 2017) Contact: LafargeHockim, www.lafargeholcim.com; Heliatek, +49 351 21303430, www.heliatek.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News LafargeHolcim,  Solar,  Energy Efficiency,  


Denver Voters Pondering "Green" Roof Initiative (Ind. Report)
Green Roof
Date: 2017-11-08
In Colorado, Denver voters are considering the Denver Green Roofs Initiative -- Initiated Ordinance 300 -- that if passes would require all buildings greater than 25,000 square feet dedicate a portion of their rooftop to green space or a combination of green space and solar panels. Buildings between 25,000 and 49,999 square foot would have to set aside 20 pct of the rooftop while buildings 50,000 to 99,999 square feet would have to set aside 30 percent and so on up to 60 percent for buildings 200,000 square feet and larger.

The owners of existing buildings could get a waiver and pay a fee in lieu of installing a green roof at the time of roof replacement if their building was not engineered to withstand the additional weight of a green roof. (Source: Builder, Various Media, Denverite, 6 Nov., 2017)

More Low-Carbon Energy News Green Roof,  Solar. Energy Efficiency,  


Max Bogl Completes World's Tallest Wind Turbine (Int'l)
Max Bogl Wind AG
Date: 2017-11-08
Sengenthal,Germany-based Max Bogl Wind AG reports it has completed construction of the world's tallest wind turbine with power production capacity sufficient for 1,000 homes.

The 178m (584ft) tall turbine is mounted on a 246.5 meter (809 foot) tower measured from the tips of the extended upward blades. For every added meter in height, the annual energy output is upped by 0.5-1 pct due to lower turbulence and stronger, more consistent winds. The tower is equipped with a pumped-storage that can provide up to 16 MW in power. (Source: Max Bogl Wind AG, Electrek, Others, 5 Nov., 2017) Contact: Max Bogl Wind AG, +49 9181 909-0 www.mbrenewables.com/en/pilot-projec

More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  Energy Storage,  Hydro Energy Storage,  


South Africa Confirms 50,000 Tonne CCS Project (Int'l Report)
South Africa
Date: 2017-11-08
The South African Department of Energy and South African Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage reports South Africa plans to sequester initial 50,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide at a depth ranging from 800 meters to 2 kilometers beneath the earth surface -- depending upon rock formation suitability -- at KwaZulu-Natal near the Mozambique border. The project is expected to get underway in 2019.

If successful, the pilot project would be repeated on a larger scale in the seabed somewhere between Durban and Richards Bay. The commercial-scale facility would enable ESKOM, the country's dominant utility, and other large industrial operations to continue burning coal and other fossil fuels for decades. (Source: South Africa Department of Energy and South African Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage.Business Day, 2 Nov., 2017) Contact: Department of Energy and South African Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage, www.sacccs.org.za

More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Storage,  CCS,  



Date: 2017-11-08



Scotland 'On Target' For 100 pct Renewable Energy by 2020 (Int'l)
Scotland
Date: 2017-11-08
A leading climate change academic has announced that Speaking at the Citizen's Assembly event in Dublin, of the According to University of Edinburgh School of Geosciences Professor Andy Kerrs, Scotland is likely to meet its target of creating 100 pct of its power from renewable sources by 2020. The country has increased the percentage of energy created by renewables sixfold over the last 15 years and has reached its own emissions targets fives years ahead of time,

Scotland has exceeded the target of 500 MW from locally-owned, locally-sourced renewables by 2020, and has accordingly revised the goal upwards to 1,000 MW (one gigawatt) produced.

Scotland is also aiming for a 42 pct reduction in carbon dioxide emissions from 1990 levels by 2020. (Source: University of Edinburgh School of Geosciences, Irish Times, 5 Nov., 2017) Contact: University of Edinburgh School of Geosciences, +44 131 651 7068, www.ed.ac.uk/geosciences

More Low-Carbon Energy News Renewable Energy,  Scotland Renewable Energy,  


Beijing Jingneng Acquires 100MW Aussie Wind Project (Int'l, M&A)
Beijing Jingneng Clean Energy
Date: 2017-11-08
Chinese-owned Beijing Jingneng Clean Energy Australia (BJCE Australia) is reporting completion of its acquisition of Newtricity's proposed 100MW, 31-turbine Biala Wind Farm in the Southern Tablelands region of NSW, Australia.

BJCE, which became active in Australia in 2014, says it plans to have a 1GW portfolio here by the end of 2020. The company plans to begin construction of the wind farm in mid 2018, for completion and commissioning in Q2 of 2019. (Source: BJCE, Renew Economy, Others, 6 Nov., 2017) Contact: Beijing Jingneng Clean Energy, www.jncec.com/jingneng

More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  China Wind,  

Showing 7750 to 7800 of 9283.

Go to page:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186